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Defending Death by Distribution Cases. Phil Dixon Jr. Published for NC Criminal Law on January 21, 2020. Shea blogged about the new crimes of death by distribution and aggravated death by distribution in G.S. 14-18.4, here. These crimes hit the books this past December, and 2020 will likely see the first …North Carolina Criminal Law; On the Civil Side; ... North Carolina law... Blog post Preauditing Employment-Related Agreements ... New SOG Bulletin: Consent to Care for Minor Patients: An Update on the Legal Landscape After S.L. 2023-106, Part III Last August, following a legislative override of the Governor’s veto, the General Assembly …Jun 19, 2023 · Published for NC Criminal Law on June 19, 2023. Earlier this month, the Third Circuit, sitting en banc, found the federal felon-in-possession statute unconstitutional as applied. The decision was based on the new interpretive approach announced in New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen, 597 U.S. __, 142 S. Ct. 2111 (2022). Welcome to the North Carolina Criminal Law blog. This blog serves as a forum for the discussion of North Carolina criminal law and procedure. It is administered by Jeff Welty, a faculty member at the School of Government at UNC. ... SOG Staff (76) SOG Apps (1) Daniel Spiegel (3) Timothy Heinle (5) Tom Thornburg (6) Jeffrey Welty …The Legal System Channel features articles about crime, criminals and law enforcement. Learn about the legal system at HowStuffWorks. Advertisement The Legal System Channel feature...The Court of Appeals vacated the civil judgment. As the court said in State v. Friend, 257 N.C. App. 516 (2018)—and in over two dozen subsequent appellate cases in the past two years—defendants are entitled to notice and an opportunity to be heard regarding the amount of an attorney fee award. Before entering a judgment for an …State v. Thorpe, ___ N.C. App. ___, 2021-NCCOA-701 (Dec. 21, 2021). The defendant, who had underlying health conditions, was not entitled to relief on a MAR under G.S. 15A-1415 (b) (8) on the basis of his prison sentence being invalid as a matter of law as a form of cruel and unusual punishment due to the coronavirus pandemic.Feb 14, 2012 · Restitution. February 14, 2012 by Jamie Markham. Our appellate courts spend a lot of time writing about restitution. Consequently, so do I. Prior posts discuss some of the thornier restitution issues that come up from time to time. There’s this one on restitution for drug-buy money; this one on restitution to victims of unconvicted conduct ... The leading criminal law treatise indicates that “all but a few” states have speedy trial statutes. 4 Wayne R. LaFave et al., Criminal Procedure, s. 18.3(c) (2d ed. 1999). My anecdotal sense is that most of those statutes set time limits far shorter than one year, i.e., that most of the statutes are more protective of a …James M. Markham. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 28, 2015. North Carolina has a lot of habitual offender laws: habitual felon, violent habitual felon, armed habitual felon, habitual breaking and entering, habitual impaired driving, and habitual misdemeanor assault. A question that comes up is the extent to which these laws may ...Jan 21, 2020 · Defending Death by Distribution Cases. Phil Dixon Jr. Published for NC Criminal Law on January 21, 2020. Shea blogged about the new crimes of death by distribution and aggravated death by distribution in G.S. 14-18.4, here. These crimes hit the books this past December, and 2020 will likely see the first prosecutions under the law. Feb 8, 2022 · Near the end of last year, the North Carolina Supreme Court decided State v. Taylor, 2021-NCSC-164, 866 S.E.2d 740 (2021), and we summarized the opinion here. This post considers the potential impact of Taylor on other offenses involving threatening speech, and addresses a couple lingering questions that may arise in future cases. It is, however, interesting to look at the number of reported charges and convictions. Overall, the report lists 10,946 charges for criminal ordinance offenses and 2,701 convictions for those crimes. By contrast, misdemeanor larceny, the most charged non-traffic misdemeanor in 2018 lists 43,908 charges and 18,820 convictions.The North Carolina General Assembly has been hard at work this legislative session, having already passed several bills affecting criminal law and procedure. There are a handful of laws that have already taken effect. As is typically the case, most of the other laws have an effective date of December 1 to allow the courts to prepare for the ...Jan 25, 2023 · McLymore, 380 N.C. 185, 868 S.E.2d 67 (2022), our Supreme Court held that Section 14‑51.3 “supplants the common law on all aspects of the law of self-defense addressed by its provisions,” and “the only right to perfect self-defense available in North Carolina [is] the right provided by statute.”. Id. at 191, 868 S.E.2d at 72-73. Months later, at his armed robbery trial, Hendricksen moved to dismiss the charges on the grounds that he had already been punished for the crime, citing his guilty plea in Harnett County. The superior court judge in the Johnston County case rejected his argument. The jury found him guilty, and he was sentenced to 70 to 96 months …The purpose of criminal law is to protect society by facilitating the detection and prosecution of criminal actions while protecting the rights of the accused. Wikipedia cites five...Shea Riggsbee Denning. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 12, 2021. A few weeks ago the United States Supreme Court decided Lange v. California, 594 U.S. ___, ___ S. Ct. ___ (June 23, 2021), holding that the flight of a person suspected of a misdemeanor offense does not categorically justify an officer’s warrantless entry into a …Ordinarily, police departments cannot access personal bank account information, which is protected by key privacy rights in the United States (laws for accessing banking informatio...Public criminal records are documents that contain information about an individual’s criminal history. These records are maintained by various government agencies, including courts... Denning has written extensively about North Carolina’s motor vehicle laws, including a book on the law of impaired driving. She is a regular contributor to the North Carolina Criminal Law blog and a co-coauthor of Pulled Over: The Law of Traffic Stops and Offenses in North Carolina. She joined the School of Government in 2003. Jeffrey B. Welty is an expert in the area of criminal law and procedure. His research interests include the law of policing, search and seizure, digital evidence, and criminal pleadings. Welty joined the School of Government in 2008. He founded and contributes regularly to the North Carolina Criminal Law Blog, an award-winning resource visited ...Feb 23, 2022 · Phil Dixon Jr. Published for NC Criminal Law on February 23, 2022. In an earlier post, I wrote that simple possession of fentanyl was a misdemeanor Schedule II offense under then-current law. No more. Effective Dec. 1, 2021, fentanyl possession in any amount is treated as a felony. Jun 4, 2019 · The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense. Civilian Traffic Enforcement Comes to North Carolina. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 05, 2023. Editor’s note: We are pleased to welcome M. Jeanette Pitts to the blog as an author. Jeanette is a Legal Research Specialist at the Criminal Justice Innovation Lab. According to a report by the North Carolina Division of Motor Vehicles, …State or federal government bring criminal actions against parties that are accused of violating the law and civil actions are non-criminal acts brought against those accused of vi...Find the best, fully accredited online associate degrees in criminal justice and see all the opportunities available to students. Written by TheBestSchools.org Staff Contributing W...the defendant named above unlawfully, willfully and feloniously with deceit and intent to defraud, did commit the infamous offense of obstruction of justice by knowingly …Attempted Assault Is a Crime. Jessica Smith. Published for NC Criminal Law on January 25, 2017. Reversing the Court of Appeals, the NC Supreme Court recently held, in State v. Floyd, that attempted assault is a crime in North Carolina. At issue in Floyd was whether the defendant’s prior conviction for attempted assault …North Carolina’s new Pretrial Integrity Act, effective October 1, 2023, and applying to offenses committed on or after that date, creates significant additional …New Resource on Employment Outcomes for People Leaving Prison. January 30, 2024 by Jessica Smith. The North Carolina Department of Commerce has created a new online tool called The NC Reentry Outcome Reporting System. The tool shows employment outcomes for people leaving the state prison system. The numbers …Business Records: Posts, Chats, and Texts. Published for NC Criminal Law on March 09, 2021. Several prior posts on this blog have addressed authenticating and admitting digital evidence like social media posts and text messages (see here, here, here, and here) and we’ve also previously covered the basic rules and requirements for using …As the largest university-based local government training, advisory, and research organization in the United States, the School of Government serves more than 12,000 public officials each year. The School provides content and resources for a wide array of local government and judicial officials in North …In S.L. 2015-181 it created a new Article 7B in Chapter 14 entitled “Rape and Other Sex Offenses” and recodified many of state’s sexual assault crimes. Separately, S.L. 2015-62 tweaked the elements of statutory rape and sex offense of a person under fifteen and S.L. 2015-44 increased the punishment for two sexual …Aug 23, 2022 · According to the CFTF, rates for suicides, homicides, and firearm deaths for children in North Carolina all increased in 2020. CFTF Annual Report, p. 2. Firearms were used in 12 of the 20 suicides reported among youth ages 10 – 14 and in 19 of the 35 suicides reported among youth ages 15 – 17. All 11 of the homicides reported against youth ... S.L. 2023-151, § 2 (a) . Section 15A-1340.16F provides that if a person is convicted of two or more of the same financial crimes – embezzlement, false pretenses, or elder exploitation – the crimes may be “aggregated for sentencing” if: (1) the crimes were committed against more than one victim or in more than one county, and (2) the ...This post summarizes the published criminal opinions from the North Carolina Court of Appeals released on March 5, 2024. These summaries will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free …No. In State v. Lee, 232 N.C. App. 256 (2014), the defendant’s probation was revoked based on a “commit no new criminal offense” violation that was alleged like this: The defendant argued that the court did not have jurisdiction to act on the violation because it was framed solely around the pending charges.Civilian Traffic Enforcement Comes to North Carolina. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 05, 2023. Editor’s note: We are pleased to welcome M. Jeanette Pitts to the blog as an author. Jeanette is a Legal Research Specialist at the Criminal Justice Innovation Lab. According to a report by the North Carolina …A child custody order entered by a court in a jurisdiction other than North Carolina is not required to be registered before it can be modified or enforced in North …The court must apply 20 days of jail credit to Sentence A (10/1–10/21) and 10 days of jail credit to Sentence B (10/11–10/21). Let me change the facts of Example 2 a little. Suppose for some reason Sentence B (an active sentence to 100 days) was imposed 10/21/2017, but Sentence A did not get imposed until 10/31/2017.February 23, 2022 by Phil Dixon. In an earlier post, I wrote that simple possession of fentanyl was a misdemeanor Schedule II offense under then-current law. No more. Effective Dec. 1, 2021, fentanyl possession in any amount is treated as a felony. I have been receiving calls about the change and thought a brief post would be useful.A Warning Shot about Self-Defense. John Rubin. Published for NC Criminal Law on September 07, 2016. Suppose John is facing a deadly assault and fears that he will be killed or suffer great bodily harm. John has a firearm but, rather than shoot his assailant, he fires a warning shot.May 19, 2020 · DWI Update: May 2020 Edition. May 18, 2020 by Shea Denning. My colleagues and I usually spend the waning weeks of May slogging through months of appellate opinions, determining which cases merit discussion at upcoming summer conferences. This year, of course, there are no live summer conferences. Yet we are still slogging. This post summarizes published criminal decisions from the North Carolina Supreme Court released on December 18, 2020. The summaries were prepared by Shea Denning, Chris Tyner, and Jonathan Holbrook. As always, these summaries will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free and searchable database of case …A blog by the faculty and staff of the UNC School of Government that disseminates information about North Carolina criminal law and procedure and related topics. The …G.S. 20-139.1 (a). A chemical analysis is a test of a person’s breath, blood or other bodily fluid or substance to determine the person’s alcohol concentration or presence of an impairing substance carried out in accordance with G.S. 20-139.1. G.S. 20-4.01 (3a). The second rule applies only to breath tests. It provides that a chemical ...The new law, which will be codified as N.C.G.S. § 160A-499.6, allows cities to employ and allow civilian personnel to investigate crashes involving only property damage. Among other things, investigators must be trained at the North Carolina Justice Academy and then with a law enforcement officer for at least four weeks. Denning has written extensively about North Carolina’s motor vehicle laws, including a book on the law of impaired driving. She is a regular contributor to the North Carolina Criminal Law blog and a co-coauthor of Pulled Over: The Law of Traffic Stops and Offenses in North Carolina. She joined the School of Government in 2003. Feb 22, 2024 · Case Summaries: N.C. Court of Appeals (Dec. 5, 2023) December 7, 2023 by. This post summarizes the published criminal opinions from the North Carolina Court of Appeals released on December 5, 2023. These summaries will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free and searchable database of case summaries from 2008 to the present. Criminals are buying and selling millions of stolen credit card numbers on the dark web. Here's how to protect yourself. By clicking "TRY IT", I agree to receive newsletters and pr...The right to act in self-defense depended primarily on the authority of court decisions. The General Assembly’s adoption in 2011 of three defensive force statutes—G.S. 14-51.2, G.S. 14-51.3, and G.S. 14-51.4—changed that. An understanding of the law of self-defense in North Carolina now must begin with the statutory law of self-defense.North Carolina Criminal Law; ... Blog Posts; Timely updates on emerging issues. Centers and Services; Specialized training/research hubs and consulting services. ... The defendant asked the trial judge to instruct the jury pursuant to North Carolina Pattern Jury Instruction 105.40, which instructs that the jury should not consider a …DWI Update: May 2020 Edition. May 18, 2020 by Shea Denning. My colleagues and I usually spend the waning weeks of May slogging through months of appellate opinions, determining which cases merit discussion at upcoming summer conferences. This year, of course, there are no live summer conferences. Yet we are still slogging.Civilian Traffic Enforcement Comes to North Carolina. Published for NC Criminal Law on July 05, 2023. Editor’s note: We are pleased to welcome M. Jeanette Pitts to the blog as an author. Jeanette is a Legal Research Specialist at the Criminal Justice Innovation Lab. According to a report by the North Carolina Division of Motor Vehicles, …In order to be a crime of domestic violence under federal immigration law, the offense must meet the federal definition of a “crime of violence” under 18 U.S.C. 16 and …Jun 6, 2023 · S 20 enacts a new misdemeanor crime of domestic violence, codified as G.S. 14-32.5. Under this new law, a person is guilty of a Class A1 misdemeanor if that person uses or attempts to use physical force, or threatens the use of a deadly weapon, against another person. The person who commits the offense must have one of the following ... Last summer, the legislature passed Session Law (S.L.) 2023-95, which amended G.S. 122C-53(a), the North Carolina statute governing the release of confidential information about patients receiving behavioral health services, including mental health and substance use disorder (SUD) care. Specifically, the new law aligns state legal requirements... State v. Graham, 2021-NCSC-125, 379 N.C. 75 (2021), sheds new light on what it means for an out-of-state prior conviction to be “substantially similar” to a North Carolina crime for prior record level purposes.. As noted in several prior posts on this blog, including this one, a special classification rule applies to out-of-state …May 31, 2018 · In 2012, the General Assembly enacted a final statutory limit on PJCs in G.S. 15A-1331.2. Under that law, the court shall not dispose of any Class B1–E felony by ordering a PJC that exceeds 12 months. Any PJC ordered in those cases must include as a condition that the State shall pray judgment within some specific time not to exceed 12 months. No. In State v. Lee, 232 N.C. App. 256 (2014), the defendant’s probation was revoked based on a “commit no new criminal offense” violation that was alleged like this: The defendant argued that the court did not have jurisdiction to act on the violation because it was framed solely around the pending charges.North Carolina Criminal Law; On the Civil Side; ... North Carolina law... Blog post Preauditing Employment-Related Agreements ... New SOG Bulletin: Consent to Care for Minor Patients: An Update on the Legal Landscape After S.L. 2023-106, Part III Last August, following a legislative override of the Governor’s veto, the General Assembly …The Supreme Court of North Carolina held in State v.Grady, ___ N.C. ___ (2019), that satellite-based monitoring (SBM) of sex offenders is unconstitutional as applied to any unsupervised person who was ordered to enroll in SBM solely because he or she is a recidivist.By unsupervised, the court meant a person not on probation, parole, or post …About the SOG Judicial College’s Certification Program for Magistrates. The Judicial College offers magistrates the opportunity to become certified upon completion of a specific combination of Judicial College seminars and general training events. Two types of certifications are offered, one in criminal law and …The bruises and cuts on the child should have resulted in a report to a county DSS, thereby triggering the child protective services action. Upon determining a child is abused, the DSS director must report those findings to the district attorney and law enforcement for possible criminal investigation. G.S. 7B-307 (a).The North Carolina General Assembly has been hard at work this legislative session, having already passed several bills affecting criminal law and procedure. There are a handful of laws that have already taken effect. As is typically the case, most of the other laws have an effective date of December 1 to allow the courts to prepare for the ...Criminal Law Code § 5-612(b) (“For the purpose of determining the quantity of a controlled dangerous substance involved in individual acts of manufacturing, distributing, dispensing, or possessing under [the state’s ‘volume dealer’ statute], the acts may be aggregated if each of the acts occurred within a 90-day period.”).Sep 22, 2021 · This session, the General Assembly amended the rules governing disclosure of recordings that depict death or serious bodily injury to require (1) that a court determine whether a recording be disclosed; and (2) that the court make such a determination within seven business days of the filing of a disclosure petition. The court of appeals in State v. Taylor, 212 N.C. App. 238, 248–49 (2011), held that that two-year statute of limitations for misdemeanor offenses does not apply when the issue of a defendant’s guilt of a misdemeanor offense is submitted to the jury as a lesser included offense of a properly charged felony. In …Near the end of last year, the North Carolina Supreme Court decided State v. Taylor, 2021-NCSC-164, 866 S.E.2d 740 (2021), and we summarized the opinion here. This post considers the potential impact of Taylor on other offenses involving threatening speech, and addresses a couple lingering questions that may arise in future cases.SORNA Tier Chart. James M. Markham. Published for NC Criminal Law on June 15, 2017. Over two years ago I said I would someday try to sort North Carolina’s reportable sex crimes into the tiers set out in the federal Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA). Today’s the day. The chart is available here.Published for NC Criminal Law on March 30, 2015. I’ve had several questions about the role of drug dogs at motor vehicle checkpoints. The details are below, but a quick summary of the law is as follows: (1) Officers can’t lawfully run drug dogs around every vehicle stopped at a checkpoint. (2) Officers can lawfully run drug dogs …The Court of Appeals vacated the civil judgment. As the court said in State v. Friend, 257 N.C. App. 516 (2018)—and in over two dozen subsequent appellate cases in the past two years—defendants are entitled to notice and an opportunity to be heard regarding the amount of an attorney fee award. Before entering a judgment for an …The North Carolina courts have had several occasions to undertake such an analysis. Among the crimes that our courts have identified as strict liability offenses are: G.S. 14-27.2 (first-degree statutory rape). State v. Anthony, 351 N.C. 611, 616 (2000); State v. Rose, 312 N.C. 441, 445 (1984); State v.Criminal justice master's programs typically include coursework in criminology theory, which helps learners understand the motivations behind criminal behavior. Updated June 2, 202...2021 Changes to North Carolina’s Expunction Laws. John Rubin. Published for NC Criminal Law on December 08, 2021. As in recent sessions, the General Assembly …Oct 13, 2020 · Dawson interpreted Huntley as adopting the English common law rule found in Sir John Knight’s Case, 87 Eng.Rep. 75, “which provided that any one who […] brings force ‘in affray of the peace,‘ or goes armed by night or day in any fair, market, or elsewhere in such a manner as to terrify the King’s subjects, is guilty of a misdemeanor ... This post summarizes the published criminal opinions from the North Carolina Court of Appeals released on March 5, 2024. These summaries will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free …This post summarizes the published criminal opinions from the Supreme Court of North Carolina released on November 4, 2022. This summary will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free and searchable database of case summaries from 2008 to the present.. Defendant preserved his challenge to …In S.L. 2015-181 it created a new Article 7B in Chapter 14 entitled “Rape and Other Sex Offenses” and recodified many of state’s sexual assault crimes. Separately, S.L. 2015-62 tweaked the elements of statutory rape and sex offense of a person under fifteen and S.L. 2015-44 increased the punishment for two sexual …The same rule applies when a defendant is charged with domestic criminal trespass or with violating a domestic violence protective order. If, after 48 hours, a judge hasn't yet set the defendant's bond, a magistrate acquires the power to set the bond. For example, if a defendant is arrested on Friday night, normally no judge will be available ...May 31, 2018 · In 2012, the General Assembly enacted a final statutory limit on PJCs in G.S. 15A-1331.2. Under that law, the court shall not dispose of any Class B1–E felony by ordering a PJC that exceeds 12 months. Any PJC ordered in those cases must include as a condition that the State shall pray judgment within some specific time not to exceed 12 months. Criminal justice is a broad field that encompasses various aspects of law enforcement, including police work, investigations, forensics, and corrections. Pursuing a degree in crimi...This post summarizes published criminal decisions from the North Carolina Supreme Court released on December 18, 2020. The summaries were prepared by Shea Denning, Chris Tyner, and Jonathan Holbrook. As always, these summaries will be added to Smith’s Criminal Case Compendium, a free and searchable database of case …Attempted Assault Is a Crime. Jessica Smith. Published for NC Criminal Law on January 25, 2017. Reversing the Court of Appeals, the NC Supreme Court recently held, in State v. Floyd, that attempted assault is a crime in North Carolina. At issue in Floyd was whether the defendant’s prior conviction for attempted assault …Oct 26, 2017 · The court must apply 20 days of jail credit to Sentence A (10/1–10/21) and 10 days of jail credit to Sentence B (10/11–10/21). Let me change the facts of Example 2 a little. Suppose for some reason Sentence B (an active sentence to 100 days) was imposed 10/21/2017, but Sentence A did not get imposed until 10/31/2017. Criminal justice is a broad field that encompasses various aspects of law enforcement, including police work, investigations, forensics, and corrections. Pursuing a degree in crimi...Mar 11, 2021 · The modern rule applies to businesses, organizations, and associations “of every kind,” and the covered records include any report, memorandum, or “data compilation, in any form.”. G.S. 8C-803 (6), Official Commentary. As explained more fully in the prior posts linked above, the exception generally applies as long as the records were ... Any changes to Northern Ireland's law will now be up to the politicians. Human-rights campaigners lost their case over the legality of Northern Ireland’s abortion law on a technica.... May 15, 2023 · Open Carry and Reasonable SuspiOutside the criminal law arena, lawyers wil Last month, the North Carolina General Assembly passed S.L. 2023-14 (S 20) which largely covers changes to abortion laws. Within this bill is also a newly defined “misdemeanor crime of domestic violence,” which takes effect for offenses committed on or after December 1, 2023. This post discusses the utility of the new offense and the ... For constitutional requirements, see pages 594-98 in Arrest, Sea This guide groups expunctions of adult criminal matters into four main categories, corresponding to the main types of expunctions available under North Carolina law. The four categories are: convictions and other matters based on the age of the person at the time of the offense or the age of the offense;Published for NC Criminal Law on August 29, 2012. Under G.S. 15A-1340.14 (e), a defendant’s prior out-of-state convictions count by default as Class I felonies if the other jurisdiction classifies them as a felony, or as Class 3 misdemeanors if the other jurisdiction classifies them as a misdemeanor. The State or the defendant may, however ... Published for NC Criminal Law on August 01, 2022. Over the past sever...

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